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  1. Bills and laws

    How does the Australian Parliament make laws for Australia? Revise your students' study of law-making with this quiz.

  2. Introducing ... rules and laws

    Begin your exploration of rules and laws with this short introduction. Find out the differences between rules and laws, and who needs to follow them.

  3. Bills and laws

    Everything you need to know about the law-making process in the Australian Parliament. Discover the path of a bill, how laws are changed and the different types of laws.

  4. Year 4

    After completing this Unit of work and associated assessment tasks, students will have met the achievement standard for the Year 4 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  5. Parliament and the courts

    This fact sheet outlines the relationship between the Australian Parliament and federal courts, including the separation of powers and key High Court of Australia cases that have impacted the powers of the Australian Parliament.

  6. Law-making

    This fact sheet explains the law-making process in the Australian Parliament. It also describes where ideas for laws come from and the history of law-making in the Parliament.

  7. Rule of law

    The rule of law is a key feature of Australia’s democracy and legal system. This fact sheet explains the principle of the rule of law and its relationship to the separation of powers.

  8. Introducing ... the three levels of government

    Begin your exploration of the three levels of government in Australia with this short introduction. Discover the responsibilities of the federal Parliament, state and territory parliaments and local government, and how they work together.

  9. Introducing ... the Australian Constitution

    Begin your exploration of the Australian Constitution with this short introduction. Learn how the Constitution came into effect and what it takes to change it.

  10. Australian Parliament

    This fact sheet outlines the composition and role of the Australian Parliament. 

  11. Three levels of government

    Get an introduction to the three levels of government with this short video. It explores the areas each level can make laws about.

  12. Year 5

    After completing this Unit of work and associated assessment task, students will have met the achievement standard for the Year 5 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  13. Year 8

    After completing this Unit of work and associated assessment tasks, students will have met the achievement standard for the Year 8 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  14. Introducing ... Australia's system of government

    Begin your exploration of the features of Australia’s system of government with this short introduction. Discover how power is shared and managed between different groups in Australia.

  15. Three levels of government: governing Australia

    In Australia the three levels of government work together to provide us with the services we need. This in-depth paper explores the roles and responsibilities of each level, how they raise money and how they work together. Case studies show how the powers of the Australian Parliament have expanded.

  16. Delegated law

    Delegated law gives government ministers and others the power to make decisions about the details of laws passed by the Australian Parliament. This fact sheet explains how regulations and other types of delegated law are made and overruled.

  17. Referencing

    Information to help you reference content from the PEO website.

  18. The Australian Constitution in focus

    The Australian Constitution is the legal framework for how Australia is governed. This paper explores in detail the history of the Constitution, its key features and the High Court’s role in interpreting it.

  19. Senate

    This fact sheet explores the Senate, which is part of the Australian Parliament. It includes information about the role, appearance and origins of the Senate.

  20. Rights in Australia

    This paper investigates the framework of rights in Australia. It defines the different types of rights, including human rights, and looks at the many sources for our rights and how they are protected.

  21. Australian system of government

    This fact sheet examines Australia’s system of government. It includes information about representative democracy, constitutional monarchy, federation and the separation of powers.

  22. Separation of powers: Parliament, Executive and Judiciary

    The separation of powers distributes the power to govern between the Parliament, the Executive and the Judiciary. This fact sheet examines the powers of each group and the related principle of responsible government.

  23. The responsibilities of the three levels of government

    This fact sheet introduces the three levels of government in Australia and lists some of the responsibilities of each level.

  24. What is Parliament?

    Discover the structure and key functions of the Australian Parliament with this short video. It introduces the Parliament’s roles of law-making, representing Australians, the formation of government and checking the work of the government.

  25. Democracy

    This fact sheet introduces the idea of democracy and explores the key ideas which support Australia’s democratic system of government.

  26. Government

    This fact sheet explores the responsibilities of the Australian Government, how it is formed, minority government and the principle of responsible government.

     

  27. Introducing ... Federation

    Begin your exploration of Federation with this short introduction. Find out the arguments for Federation and the process that led to the creation of Australia.

  28. Year 8

    The PEO has a range of resources which assist teachers in their delivery of the Year 8 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  29. Conduct a law reform inquiry

    Investigate a law reform issue and present recommendations to a citizens’ jury.

  30. Year 6

    The PEO has a range of resources which assist teachers in their delivery of the Year 6 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  31. House of Representatives

    This fact sheet explores the House of Representatives, which is part of the Australian Parliament. It includes information about the role, appearance and origins of the House of Representatives.

  32. Negotiate in National Cabinet

    Role-play as the federal and state levels of government as they work together to manage issues and provide services for the whole of Australia.

  33. Leader of the Opposition

    Get to know the role of the Leader of the Opposition with this fact sheet. Learn how the Leader of the Opposition is chosen and their responsibilities.

  34. Make a law: House of Representatives

    Discover how bills – proposed laws – are introduced, debated and voted on in the House of Representatives by turning your class into a Parliament and doing it yourselves!

  35. Make a law: Senate

    Discover how bills – proposed laws – are introduced, debated and voted on in the Senate by turning your class into a Parliament and doing it yourselves! 

  36. Making a law

    Get an introduction to the law-making process of the Australian Parliament with this short video. It includes all the law-making steps in the Senate and House of Representatives.

  37. Independents

    An independent is a member of the Australian Parliament who does not belong to a political party. This fact sheet explores their role and how they can vote in the Parliament.

  38. Sources of law

    This fact sheet introduces the different ways law is made Australia—statute law made by parliament, delegated law made by the Executive government and common law made in courts.

  39. The Senate

    Discover the role and work of the Australian Senate with this introductory video.

  40. The Constitution

    This short video introduces the Australian Constitution—the rules by which Australia is run.

  41. Frontbenchers and backbenchers

    This fact sheet investigates the work of frontbenchers (members of parliament who sit on the front seats of either the Senate or House of Representatives) and backbenchers (members of parliament who sit in the rows of seats behind the frontbench).

  42. Black Rod

    The Black Rod is a ceremonial staff carried by the Usher of the Black Rod while doing Senate work. With this fact sheet you will learn about the design, function and history of the Black Rod.

  43. Opposition

    Discover the opposition – the largest party or coalition of parties not in government – with this fact sheet. The opposition is sometimes called the ‘alternative government’ and has an important role closely examining the work of the government.

  44. Members of the House of Representatives

    Discover the work of members of the House of Representatives in this fact sheet. It explores their role in the Australian Parliament and in their local community, their working hours and period of service.

  45. A short history of Parliament

    Compared to some other parliaments around the world, Australia's Parliament is quite young but it is based on practices and ideals from much older parliaments. This in-depth paper explores the development of the Westminster system in Britain and parliamentary democracy in Australia.

  46. Federation

    In 1901, 6 British colonies united to become a new nation – the Commonwealth of Australia. This fact sheet examines the reasons for Federation, the path to Federation, the creation of the territories and the opening of the Australian Parliament.

  47. Year 3

    The PEO has a range of resources which assist teachers in their delivery of the Year 3 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  48. Year 5

    The PEO has a range of resources which assist teachers in their delivery of the Year 5 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  49. Year 9

    The PEO has a range of resources which assist teachers in their delivery of the Year 9 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  50. Year 4

    The PEO has a range of resources which assist teachers in their delivery of the Year 4 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  51. The House of Representatives

    Discover the role and work of the Australian House of Representatives with this introductory video.

  52. Prime Minister

    Understand the role of the Prime Minister with this fact sheet, including how the Prime Minister is chosen and their responsibilities.

  53. Petitions

    Petitions ask the Australian Parliament to act on an issue. This fact sheet explains the rules petitions must follow and how petitions are presented to the Parliament.

  54. Ministers and shadow ministers

    Understand the role of minsters and shadow ministers with this fact sheet. It describes what a minster is, how they are chosen and what their role is.

  55. Senators

    Discover the work of senators in this fact sheet. It explores their role in the Australian Parliament and in the community, their working hours and period of service. 

  56. Voting in Parliament

    Learn about voting in Australian Parliament with this fact sheet. It explores the two types of voting used to make decisions and what happens when a vote is tied.

  57. Get involved

    Explore ways you can get involved in the work of Parliament with this in-depth video. Find out how you can get informed about the work of the Parliament, contact and vote for members of parliament, petition the Parliament and participate in parliamentary inquiries.

  58. 1967 referendum

    In 1967 the majority of Australians voted to change the Australian Constitution to count Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the national census. This video from the ABC’s Behind the News explores how the 1967 referendum was part of a movement for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ rights.

  59. Political parties

    Many political parties have members elected to the Australian Parliament. In this fact sheet, learn more about why they exist, how they are formed and how they are organised.

  60. Parliamentary committees

    Explore how committees in the Australian Parliament are formed, their function and how they support the work of the Senate and House of Representatives with this explanatory video.

  61. Australia's Federation

    Discover the story behind Federation in Australia with this introductory video.

  62. Committees

    Parliamentary committees investigate issues and proposed laws in detail. This fact sheet explains the role of committees, how they work and the types of committees in the Australian Parliament.

  63. Parliament House

    This fact sheet explores the building where the Australian Parliament meets. Discover key facts about the building and the symbolism of its design.

  64. From election to a new Parliament

    Regular federal elections are an important feature of Australia’s democracy. Investigate the process of closing Parliament, the transition between Parliaments and the opening of a new Parliament in Australia with this fact sheet.

  65. Glossary

    Use this helpful glossary to browse or search the meanings of key parliamentary terms.

  66. Magna Carta

    This fact sheet explores the Magna Carta – the ‘Great Charter’. It includes information about the history of the Magna Carta and its importance in the development of democracy and human rights.

  67. Cabinet

    Cabinet is the top decision-making group within the Australian Government. Find out more about who is in Cabinet and how it works with this fact sheet.

  68. Budget

    This fact sheet explores the Australian Government’s annual statement of how it plans to collect and spend money.

  69. Australian Constitution

    This fact sheet explores the Australian Constitution. It includes information about the key features of the Constitution and how it can be changed.

  70. Year 10

    After completing this Unit of work and associated assessment tasks, students will have met the achievement standard for the Year 10 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  71. Run a Cabinet meeting

    Work together to negotiate the best policy outcome.

  72. Australia's Parliament House

    This in-depth look at Australia's Parliament House investigates why Canberra was chosen to be the nation's capital and why we needed a 'new' Parliament House. It includes the design, site and symbolism of the building.

  73. A new Parliament

    There are many steps in the process of opening a new parliament. Find out the timings, traditions and requirements of establishing a new Australian Parliament with this in-depth video.

  74. Run Question Time

    Discover how members of Parliament use Question Time to closely examine the work of the government in this classroom activity. Use this activity to further your study of civics and citizenship.

  75. Federal elections

    This fact sheet explores how federal elections are used to select representatives in the Australian Parliament. It covers the process of electing senators and members of the House of Representatives.

  76. The Federation of Australia

    Australia's Federation came about through a process of deliberation, consultation and debate. This in-depth paper explores the reasons for Federation, the Federation conventions and the referendums in which the Australian people decided to join together as a nation.

  77. Year 7

    The PEO has a range of resources which assist teachers in their delivery of the Year 7 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  78. Year 7

    After completing this Unit of work and associated assessment task, students will have met the achievement standard for the Year 7 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  79. Make speeches

    Discover the different types of speeches senators and members make in Parliament by turning your class into a Parliament and doing it yourselves! Use these activities to further explore the work of the Parliament or to give context to oral presentations in any classroom.

  80. Role-play the Parliament: House of Representatives

    This video demonstrates a House of Representatives parliamentary role-play, where students can learn how new laws are made in the Australian Parliament. It outlines lesson content and what preparation is required to use this immersive learning strategy in a classroom.

  81. Role-play the Parliament: Senate

    This video demonstrates a Senate parliamentary role-play, where students can learn how new laws are made in the Australian Parliament. It outlines lesson content and what preparation is required to use this immersive learning strategy in a classroom.

  82. Year 6

    After completing this Unit of work and associated assessment task, students will have met the achievement standard for the Year 6 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

  83. Role-play the Parliament: Committee

    This video demonstrates a committee role-play, where students can learn how the Australian Parliament investigates bills and issues. It outlines lesson content and what preparation is required to use this immersive learning strategy in a classroom.

  84. Year 9

    After completing this Unit of work and associated assessment tasks, students will have met the achievement standard for the Year 9 Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum.

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