Why are we a constitutional monarchy?
Good question, Finn! Before Australia became a nation in 1901, it was a collection of British colonies. Each had its own written constitution, parliament and laws. When these colonies joined together to form Australia, a constitutional monarchy system of government was chosen for the new country very similar to those of the colonies.
Australia, like Britain, is a constitutional monarchy. The King is Australia's head of state and acts in accordance with the Australian Constitution. In Australia, the powers of the King have been delegated – given – to his representative, the Governor-General.
As well as being a constitutional monarchy, Australia is also a representative democracy. This means that Australians vote for people to represent them in Parliament. In Australia, members of parliament are elected to the Senate and the House of Representatives to represent the Australian people and make laws on their behalf.
The King and Governor-General.
His Majesty King Charles III, Australia's head of state.
Shown beside him is the Governor-General, David Hurley, the King’s representative in Australia.