What is the difference between Policy, act, and Legislation in Australia?
Hi Raj, thanks for your question.
A policy is a plan of action to address an issue. Political parties develop policies about issues which they think are important in Australia.
A law passed by the Australian Parliament is called an Act of Parliament. Laws start as bills – proposed laws – which put policies into action. Bills are considered by the Parliament, and if passed, are signed into law by the Governor-General. Laws are often called legislation.
From policy to law.
Parliamentary Education Office (peo.gov.au)
This diagram illustrates the role of executive government in turning policy into law.
1. The executive government decides policy then drafts and introduces bills to the Parliament.
2. Bills are considered by the Parliament.
3. If passed by the Parliament, the bills are approved by the Governor-General.
4. Bills become Acts of Parliament and therefore laws, which are administered by government departments.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
You are free to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work.
Attribution – you must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).
Non-commercial – you may not use this work for commercial purposes.
No derivative works – you may not alter, transform, or build upon this work.
Waiver – any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder.