What are the main features of Australia's system of government that are not mentioned in the Constitution?
Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, 1900: Original Public Record Copy (1900).
Parliament House Art Collection, Art Services Parliament House
This image shows the front page of the original public record copy of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900. There is a a red ribbon tied in a bow on the left hand side of the document. The paper looks faded from age.
Permission for publication must be sought from Parliament House Art Collection. Contact DPS Art Services, phone: 02 62775034 or 02 62775123
Hi, thanks for your question.
The Australian Constitution is the set of rules by which Australia is run. It describes the composition, role and powers of the Australian Parliament. It sets out how the Australian and state parliaments share the power to make laws, and details the role of the executive government and the High Court. However, you are right when you note that not every feature of Australia’s system of government is included in the Constitution.
The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are not mentioned in the Constitution. While central to the way government works, the Prime Minister and Cabinet operate by custom and convention, similar to the British system from which they were derived. There is also nothing in the Constitution about other party positions, such as leaders, deputy leaders or party whips.
The Constitution does not specify that the Government is the party or coalition of parties with the support of the majority of members elected to the House of Representatives. However this has evolved as a necessary practice for the governing of Australia, which also has its origins in British customs and conventions.
The Constitution does not cover roles and responsibilities of local government. Local governments in Australia were formed by the state governments.