On 29-30 March 1901, the first election for the Australian Parliament was held. On 1 January of that year, Sir Edmund Barton had taken the oath of office to become Australia’s first Prime Minister. Find out more information about federal elections and the Prime Minister.
On 24 March 1997 the Australian Parliament overturned the world’s first euthanasia law. The law, which was passed in the Northern Territory, allowed doctors to end a terminally ill patient’s life at the patient’s request. Section 122 of the Australian Constitution allows the Parliament to override a territory law at any time. Find out more information on this power in this Closer Look paper.