Supporting information for teachers

Use these brief notes to prepare for the Hold a referendum classroom activity.

Constitutional monarchy

A constitutional monarchy is a system in which a king or queen is the head of state, but must act in accordance with a constitution. In Australia, the powers of the Queen have been delegated to her representative, the Governor-General.


A republic is a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them. Often this state is headed by an individual president whose title is almost never inherited.